A Night of Fire: The Mystical Vision that Converted Scientist Blaise Pascal

Public Domain, Wikipedia / ChurchPOP

Blaise Pascal was one of the most important scholars of the 17th century. He was a great scientist, mathematician, and inventor, famous for many key breakthroughs. He was also a devoted Catholic and wrote what is considered to be one of the best apologetic works of his time.

But he wasn’t always a believer. After spending most of his life only nominally interested in religion, he had a dramatic conversion – and it was due to an incredible and dramatic mystical experience.

[See also: This Agnostic Scientist Converted After Witnessing a Miracle at Lourdes]

[See also: The Miracle that Led “Obi-Wan Kenobi” to Convert to Catholicism]

Pascal was born in France in 1623. The second of three children, his mother died when he was just 3 years old. A few years later, his father moved their family to Paris.

Pascal’s intelligence was evident from a young age, so his father decided to personally educate him at home. And it paid off: when Pascal was just 16 years old, he was already making mathematical breakthroughs and engaging in academic discourse with professional mathematicians. By age 19, he had invented his own mechanical calculator, about 50 units of which he sold to various wealthy families in Europe. During his 20s and early 30s, Pascal did important work with mathematical probability and made important discoveries related to fluids and pressure.

One of his mechanical calculators, or Pascaline. / © 2005 David Monniaux, Wikipedia
One of his mechanical calculators, or Pascaline. / © 2005 David Monniaux, Wikipedia

In 1646, his father fell and broke his hip, a devastating injury in that time. The two doctors that worked with his father over the next few months happened to be devout Catholics (though they were a part of the small but growing Jansenist sect). Through their friendship and conversations with him, Pascal started to think seriously about religion for the first time in his life.

Many biographers call this his “first conversion.” It was mostly intellectual and did not last long. When his father died in 1651, he moved on from religion and entered what many call his “worldly period.” Soon after, his younger sister decided to join a convent, to which her third of their father’s estate was given. Since his older sister had already used her part as a dowry, 30-year-old Pascal was left with just his third of his father’s estate, without his parents, and with both of his sisters fully engaged in other vocations.

In other words, he was poor and alone. And that is when God entered his life in an amazing way.

It was November 23rd, 1654 and Pascal was at home alone. The sun was set and all was dark. He was most likely preparing for bed when, suddenly, at around 10:30pm, something supernatural happened. It’s not clear exactly what he saw, but the amazing mystical experience lasted for a full two hours. As soon as it was over, he grabbed a pen and paper and wrote down what was swirling through his head.

Here’s what he wrote:

The year of grace 1654,

Monday, 23 November, feast of St. Clement, pope and martyr, and others in the martyrology. Vigil of St. Chrysogonus, martyr, and others. From about half past ten at night until about half past midnight,


GOD of Abraham, GOD of Isaac, GOD of Jacob
not of the philosophers and of the learned.
Certitude. Certitude. Feeling. Joy. Peace.
GOD of Jesus Christ.
My God and your God.
Your GOD will be my God.
Forgetfulness of the world and of everything, except GOD.
He is only found by the ways taught in the Gospel.
Grandeur of the human soul.
Righteous Father, the world has not known you, but I have known you.
Joy, joy, joy, tears of joy.
I have departed from him:
They have forsaken me, the fount of living water.
My God, will you leave me?
Let me not be separated from him forever.
This is eternal life, that they know you, the one true God, and the one that you sent, Jesus Christ.
Jesus Christ.
Jesus Christ.
I left him; I fled him, renounced, crucified.
Let me never be separated from him.
He is only kept securely by the ways taught in the Gospel:
Renunciation, total and sweet.
Complete submission to Jesus Christ and to my director.
Eternally in joy for a day’s exercise on the earth.
May I not forget your words. Amen.

Wow! Whatever he saw, it sounds amazing.

He then took the piece of paper with the story and carefully sewed it into the inside of his jacket, which he kept with him the rest of his life. This was not discovered until after his death.

Unlike his first intellectual conversion, this conversion was of the heart – and it stuck. He mostly gave up his work in mathematics and devoted himself to theology and apologetics. A few years later, he published Provincial Letters, an attack on moral casuistry that became famous not only for its arguments, but also for its humor and effective use of satire.

In his mid-30s he started writing a comprehensive apologetic work with the working title “Defense of the Christian Religion.” But he became very sick and was unable to finish it. On August 18th, 1662, he fell into convulsions and received Anointing of the Sick. The next morning, he died at the age of 39. His last words? “May God never abandon me.”

The drafts and notes for his apologetic work were collected and published posthumously with the uninspired title “Thoughts of M. Pascal on religion, and on some other subjects,” better known by the title’s first word in the original French: Pensées. Despite being just a draft, it was an instant success, and remains today a classic of apologetics.

The "death mask" of Blaise Pascal. / Mary trump, Public Domain, Wikipedia
The “death mask” of Blaise Pascal. / Mary trump, Public Domain, Wikipedia

Do you know of another great scientist who converted to Catholicism? Tell the story in the comments!

[See also: This One Quote Convinced Me to Convert to Catholicism]

[See also: 23 Food Apparitions Sure to Convert Any Skeptic]




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Este tradiție ca pe farfuria de pe care se servește cafeaua turcească să se pună șibucățică de rahat, iar înainte de a bea cafea se bea apă rece, pentru a simți mai bine aroma cafelei.Arta de a face cafea constă în extragerea comorii învelite în interiorul fiecăruia.Notă Bene: Pentru a limita cantitatea de zaţ din ceaşcă, ultimate este ca sita să nu fie coborâtăla maxim, ci să păstreze dedesubt un strat de lichid încărcat cuzaţ.Cafeaua proaspat prajita necesita un reglaj fin si constant al aparatelor implicate in proces, adica rasnita si espressorul, chiar si pe parcursulzilei. Cele mai bune dozari se produc prin combinarea mai multor soiuri de cafea din diferite parti ale lumii.Cafeaua de specialitate este produsă în cantităţi mai mici, se vinde de obiceiîn locul unde se prăjeşte, sub formă de boabe.Aşadar, dintr-un shot sau două de espresso (60 ml max) şi puţină spumă de lapte deasupra obţine un Machiatto delicios!Din ce am citit pe website-ul lor, ei folosesc cafea deorigine, insa gradul de prajire este ridicatiar rezultatul nu e cel cu care ne-au obisnuitcelelalte cafenele de specialitate.Prajitorul de cafea se afla chiar in magazin si fiecare specialitate decafea primeste atentia cuvenita si are propriul grad de prajire.Prajirea insuficienta sau prajirea la temperatura prea scazuta produce cafea cu aroma asemanatoare pâinii saunucilor. Se lasă 2-three minute până se adună la suprafață caimacul; se iau câte două linguri de caimac și se adaugă în fiecare ceașcă de servire;până să atingă punctul de fierbere, se adaugă lingură de cafea presărată uniform ca pudrădeasupra apei și se lasă să fiarbă; în momentul în care va atinge punctul de fierbere, cafeaua va începe să urce în ibric, moment în care veți putealua ibricul de pe foc și turna în ceașcă.La un buget de maxim seven-hundred de lei, probabilm-as orienta tot catre un DeLonghi EC221.B sau poateun espressor Philips Saeco Poemia HD8425/19,care la fel este unul foarte bun insa cu siguranta asalege unul guide. Este vorba de un hibrid rezultatprin incrucisarea dintre speciile Arabica si Liberica; exceptand dimensiunile boabelor,el a pastrat caracteristicile speciei Arabica, normally, randamentul acestui arbust este totusi inferior si cultura sa este extrem de imprastiata (Brazilia,Guatemala, Nicaragua, Mexic, Columbia si chiar Java), la altitudine variindintre 600 si a thousand m. Boabele de cafea aleacestui arbust sunt de calitate superioara simedie, iar culoarea lor este verzuie.Standardele prezentate mai sus sunt cele mai importante si in acelasi timp cele mai cunoscute standarde de certificare pentru cafea.Este adevarat faptul ca ceasca de cafea indulcita este un bun diuretic, deoarecestimuleaza digestia. De regula, primele recolte se obtin incepand cu anul al patrulea sau chiar cu al cincilea, cand plantatiile pot fi thoughtful ‘žpe rod’ Un arbore de cafea tanar poatefurniza la recoltare pana la 2,5 kg de ‘žcirese’, fructe din care sepot obtine, dupa prelucrare, circa 500 g boabe de cafea curate sau four hundred g cafea prajita.Cafeaua din Ganoderma conține doar 9 mg de cofeină, în timp ce cafeaua obișnuită conține 135 mg, Coca-Cola dietetică forty six mg,iar tabletă de ciocolată neagră deține 22 mg de cofeină.Initial a fost creata aceasta reteta de catrefirma Motta, apoi a fost comercializata de catre Antica gelateria del corso.Supremo face referire la cele mai mari boabe de cafea, cu dimensiuni uniforme, reprezentand gradatiade prime a cafelelor columbiene. Cafeaua arabica arenevoie de soluri bogate în minerale si temperatura de aproximativ 20 grade C si crestela altitudine de peste 600 metrii. Se numara printre cele mairentabile espressoare pentru uz casnic, iar noi nu credem ca existamotiv mai bun pentru a-l achizitiona. Fiind foarte dificil de procurat, sortimentul acesta de cafea este foartescump, obţinându-se cantităţi mici şi vânzându-se în hotelurile de lux din Asia.Este unul din deserturile cu cea mai puternica aroma de cafea pe care le-am facut, fara safie insa coplesitoare. Aceasta reprezintă greutatea saugrosimea cafelei pe limbă și poate varia de la consistență ușoarăpână la cafea consistentă. Pare că cea mai bună cafeaeste cea făcută de tine, și parcă niciodată nu iese la fel, dar estea naibii de bună. Am citit cu mare interes/placere cartea dumneavoastra, maiales ca am lucrat si eu in comert inainte de revolutie, la ICRA Bucuresti si la ICL Alimentara, sectorul 1 (era directorSerbanescu). Se cut back caldura la foc mic, si seadauga cafea care sa ii permita sa se opareascatimp de cinci minute inainte de servire.Cea mai mare parte a cafelei din această țară (aproximativ 55) este produsăde peste 600 000 de mici proprietari, organizați în câteva sute de cooperative.Se serveşte foarte fierbinte şi este de obicei servită cu un pahar de apă rece pentru a reîmprosăta gura şi asavura mai bine aroma cafelei. Daca la un hotspot sunt conectati 10 oameni, isi impart viteza reteleiintre ei, iar, daca unul va descarca un movie, celorlalti le va merge mai greu casuta postala », explica Berte. Se realizeaza prin pulverizarea apei fierbiniti la presiune de 9 bar peste cantitate de 7 grame de cafea, rezultand un shot normal de 30 de mililitri.Cafeaua Buna se serveste in mod traditional cu sare si unt in loc de zahar si lapte, desi zaharul si-a facut loc si in acest tip de cafea. Astfel se asigură unitate de preparare igienică şi calitate consecvent ridicată a cafelei şi longevitatea espressorului. Cele mai bune dozări se produc prin combinarea mai multor tipuri de cafea, din diferite părți ale lumii. Este esențial atunci când vă faceți propriul Cappuccino să începeți cu un espresso foarte bun. Boabele de cafea Arabica au forma ovala si culoare de un maron deschis, iar boabele de cafea Robusta au forma rotunda si culoare de un maron inchis, ca cele din imaginea de mai jos.Dar daca tie iti vine espressorul mai tarziu, trebuia sa ceri expres una prajita zilele acestea, ca sa fie mai recent la data cand te vei lua de preparare. Potrivit unui studiu efectuat de oamenii de stiinta europeni, persoanele care beau in medie 4 cani de cafea pe zi se expun la doar 2 din nivelul Ochratoxinei A considerat a fi inofensiv pentru organism. Ceașcă cu cafea conține ninety eight apă, din această cauză apa folosită la prepararea cafelei trebuie să fie curată. Aici, arborii de cafea sunt transplantati in grădinile din jurul caselor fermierilor. Dupa cum stim, cafeaua a devenit cea mai populara bautura si pretextul excellent pentru intalniri sau sedinte. http://hammerstuene.no/UserProfile/tabid/43/userId/687843/language/en-US/Default.aspx

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